In many countries, children spend an average of seven hours a day at school. Is essential to provide children with diabetes an environment that allows them to properly resolve any problems related to diabetes that may arise during the school day.
Many circumstances that are a normal part of the school day will affect blood glucose levels of a student. These include physical activity and dietary changes.
In order to maintain blood glucose levels within the ideal range or reference interval during physical activity, students with diabetes should make adjustments of insulin and food intake. Children with diabetes in school should be open access to what they need to control their diabetes (equipment to analyze blood glucose, insulin delivery systems, snacks and fast-acting carbohydrates).
“All children with diabetes are entitled to a safe learning environment and equal conditions for access to different educational opportunities.”
It is important for children with diabetes that the family and the healthcare professional or diabetes care team work together to develop a diabetes management plan which is then communicated to staff. The plan should include the following elements:
• The routine at the time of insulin administration and monitoring of child
• The child’s ability to control your diabetes itself
• Signs, symptoms and common treatments for hypo-and hyperglycemia
• Equipment and supplies
• Food and snacks
• Contact information in case of emergency with parents or carers
Teachers and other members or staff should work with students and parents to help implement the diabetes management plan for the child. By working together, staff, parents and students can ensure a safe learning environment and equal access to educational opportunities for all children with diabetes who attend school.